The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) or the “2030 Agenda” is the universal call for action for better health, end poverty and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity. SDGs is a collection of 17 goals otherwise known as the Global Goals with 169 targets. Out of which goal 3 solely focuses on health, which is “to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all age group.” SDG3 comprises 13 targets, including four listed as “means-of-implementation” targets. The other selected goals which highlights health related targets includes end of malnutrition in all form, achieving universal and equitable access safe drinking water and, hygiene and sanitation.
The 17 goals
Goal 1: No Poverty
Goal 2: Zero Hunger
Goal 3: Good Health and Well-Being for people
Goal 4: Quality Education
Goal 5: Gender Equality
Goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation
Goal 7: Affordable and Clean Energy
Goal 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth
Goal 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities
Goal 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities
Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
Goal 13: Climate Action
Goal 14: Life below Water
Goal 15: Life on Land
Goal 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
Goal 17: Partnerships for the Goals
SDG3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all ages
3.1By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births.
3.2By 2030, end preventable deaths of new-borns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births.
3.3By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases.
3.4By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being.
3.5Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol.
3.6By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents.
3.7By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes.
3.8Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all.
3.9By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination.
3.aStrengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate
3.bSupport the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all
3.cSubstantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States
3.dStrengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks
Selected health-related targets outside SDG3
Target 2.2By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons
Target 6.1By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking-water for all
Target 6.2By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations
Target 7.1:By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services.
Target 11.6By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management
Target 13.1Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
Target 16.1Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere
Target 17.19By 2030, build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement gross domestic product, and support statistical capacity-building in developing countries