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World Alzheimer's Day 2019

World Alzheimer's Day is observed on 21st September every year to raise the awareness about Alzheimer's and Dementia. This day is celebrated for generating awareness about the disease, and due to seriousness of this disease it is celebrated for the whole month in some countries.

The theme for the year 2019 is Let’s Talk About Dementia.’

Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia. It is a progressive brain disease which results in loss of memory and thinking skills. It destroys the brain cells which cause memory loss, memory changes, erratic behaviour and loss of body functions. This disease usually starts slowly but gets worse with time. One of the most common early symptoms of Alzheimer’s is difficulty in remembering the recent events. Alzheimer's patient forgets the name of the people like longtime friend, address, even name of the roads and other things.

Facts about Alzheimer's Disease:

  • Alzheimer's disease is a progressive brain disease. It starts with forgetting things and development of short memory loss which results in difficulty in remembering recent events, eventually resulting in the inability to look after daily activities and even basic needs.
  • Alzheimer's disease mostly affects elderly people. Since the population of elderly people is rising in India, this is the cause of alarm.
  • The exact cause of Alzheimer's disease is not yet known. Certain complex events occurring in the brain appear to cause this disease.
  • There is no cure for Alzheimer's disease. Early detection benefits the patient in treating this disease effectively.
  • The treatment modalities include medicinal, psychological and care giving aspects.
  • Family and social support plays a key role.

Warning Signs:

  • Changes in mood
  • Misplacing the things
  • Confusion with time or place
  • Challenges in solving problems
  • Losing the track of date and time
  • Forgetting the recent information
  • Withdrawal from social and leisure activities
  • Difficulty in completing familiar tasks at home or work
  • Difficulty in reading, judging distance and recognizing colour

Helpful tips for prevention:

Engagement in physical, mental, social and recreational activities such as:

  • Reading
  • Walking
  • Swimming
  • Writing for pleasure
  • Yoga and Meditation
  • Playing musical instruments
  • Group sports, such as bowling
  • Taking part in adult education courses
  • Playing indoor games such as crosswords, puzzles, scrabble and chess

To know more about Alzheimer’s disease, click here:     https://www.nhp.gov.in/disease/neurological/alzheimer-s-disease

References:

http://alz.org/in/dementia-alzheimers-en.asp

https://www.worldalzmonth.org/

https://www.alz.co.uk/media/190101

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