World TB Day, 24 March 2018
World Tuberculosis Day is celebrated each year on March 24 to increase efforts to end the global tuberculosis epidemic and to raise public awareness about the health, social and economic consequences of tuberculosis (TB). Dr. Robert Koch in 1882 on this date announced the discovery of bacterium that causes TB.
World TB Day, 24 March 2018
The theme of World TB Day 2018 is “Wanted: Leaders for a TB-free world”. It focuses on building commitment to end TB, not only at the political level with Heads of Nation and Ministers of Health, but at all levels from Governors, Chief Ministers, Mayors, Parliamentarians and community leaders, to people affected with TB, civil society advocates, health workers, doctors or nurses, NGOs and other partners. All can be leaders of efforts to end TB in their own work or area.
Despite significant progress over the last decades, TB continues to be the ninth leading cause of death worldwide. An estimated 10.4 million people developed TB and 1.7 million died due to disease globally in 2016. Nearly half (45.6 per cent) of the world’s TB cases are reported from South-East Asia region of World Health Organization (WHO). India accounts for one fourth of the global TB burden.
Tuberculosis (TB) is a communicable disease caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs but can also affect other sites (extrapulmonary TB). Tuberculosis is curable and preventable.
Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP)- RNTCP is a programme for prevention and control of TB in country by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. It has integrated four strategic pillars of “Detect – Treat – Prevent – Build” (DTPB) under National Strategic Plan 2017-2025 for moving towards TB elimination by 2025.
“Call to eliminate TB, by 2025 – 5 years in advance of the goals unanimously adopted by the UN General Assembly as part of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)”
Other new initiatives under RNTCP are:
- Private Sector Engagement-Involvement of private sector health services providers in disease notification, detection and treatment of TB patients
- Active Case Finding (ACF)- TB patients were diagnosed through 3 rounds of ACF in high risk population in 2017.
- Daily Treatment Regimen-Fixed dose combination started to reduce pill burden
- Universal Drug Susceptibility Test-Testing for drug resistance in all diagnosed patients for appropriate treatment
- Introduction of Newer Drugs - Bedaquiline, and Delaminid introduction in 7 states/UTs
- Nutritional support-To provide Rs 500 per month as nutritional support to all TB patients for the duration of TB treatment
- Digital Initiatives NIKSHAY, 99 DOTS, NIKSHAY Aushadhi
To know more about tuberculosis click at www.nhp.gov.in