Health Programmes

NHP Login

 
 

WORLD HYPERTENSION DAY 2019

The World Hypertension Day is celebrated worldwide on 17th May each year to raise public awareness about high blood pressure, its prevention and complications, natural levels of blood pressure, and importance of monitoring blood pressure. The World Hypertension League celebrated “World Hypertension Day” for the first time on 14th May 2005, however it is now celebrated on 17th May each year since 2006.

Theme of WHD 2019 is “Know Your Numbers”. This theme aims at raising awareness among individuals to know and monitor their blood pressure numbers (levels) and to make sure to get the blood pressure checked regularly and treat it according to the doctor’s advice.

BLOOD PRESSURE:

As the heart pumps out blood into the arteries, it creates pressure against the walls of arteries. Measurement of this pressure created by blood in the arteries is called Blood Pressure.

The pressure created while heart is contracting is systolic blood pressure (higher value) and the pressure created while heart is relaxing is diastolic blood pressure (lower value). So there are two values of blood pressure written as 120/80 mmHg.

 

Blood Pressure Category

Systolic (mm Hg)

(upper number)

 

 

Diastolic (mmHg)

(Lower number)

NORMAL

 

Less than 120

and

Less than 80

ELEVATED

 

120-129

and

Less than 80

HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE (HYPERTENSION) STAGE 1

 

130- 139

or

80-89

HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE (HYPERTENSION) STAGE 2

 

140 or higher

or

90 or higher

HYPERTENSIVE CRISIS

(EMERGENCY SITUATION)

Higher than 180

And/or

120

                                          (* Source- American Heart association 2017)

 

HYPERTENSION (HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE) (HBP)

Normal blood pressure is below 120/80 mm Hg. High blood pressure known as hypertension is a pressure of 130 systolic or higher, or 80 diastolic or higher, that stays high over time. It usually has no signs or symptoms.  Not treating high blood pressure so dangerous that it is also called the silent killer. But it can be managed. HBP increases the risk of heart attack and stroke. Make sure to get your blood pressure checked regularly and treat it the way your doctor advises.

According to American heart association, risk factors for HBP are:

  • Smoking and exposure to second-hand smoke
  • Diabetes
  • Being obese or overweight
  • High cholesterol
  • Unhealthy diet (high in sodium, low in potassium, and drinking too much alcohol)
  • Physical inactivity

Prevent high blood pressure by making healthy lifestyle choices:

  • Follow a healthy diet; reduce salt and fat intake and eat plenty of fruits and vegetables
  • Do regular exercises
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Limit your alcohol intake
  • Stop smoking

 Some of the objectives of celebrating this campaign on annual basis are mentioned below:

  • To encourage the people with hypertension on global basis to get their regular health check-up done.
  • To motivate people to maintain their normal weight, normal cholesterol level, normal blood pressure, healthy living, healthy eating, regular physical exercise and etc.
  • To provide them free blood pressure check-up camps.
  • To bring a revolution among common public for maintaining the healthy life style and healthy habits for whole life.
  • To promote early detection, prevention and control of hypertension in the vulnerable populations.

India Hypertension Management Initiative (IHMI)

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) in collaboration with Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), State Governments, and World Health Organization (WHO) launched “The India Hypertension Management Initiative (IHMI)” project. The aim of this project is to reduce morbidity and mortality due to Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs), the leading cause of death in India, by improving the control of high blood pressure, which is a leading risk factor for CVDs among adults in India. 

This initiative aims to strengthen the cardiovascular disease component of the Health Ministry’s National Program for Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS).

To know more about NPCDCS: https://www.nhp.gov.in/national-programme-for-prevention-and-control-of-c_pg

 

Read more about hypertension: https://www.nhp.gov.in/disease/cardio-vascular/hypertension-high-blood-pressure

References-

http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=173938

https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/high-blood-pressure/understanding-blood-pressure-readings

https://www.icmr.nic.in/sites/default/files/press_realease_files/Hypertension.pdf

http://www.whleague.org/index.php