World Water Day (WWD) is celebrated on 22 March every year to focus attention on the importance of freshwater and advocating for the sustainable management of freshwater resources. The United Nations General Assembly initiated this response on 22 March 1993 as the first World Water Day.
When we neglect our ecosystem, it results into environmental damage and climate change. Degradation of vegetation, soil, rivers and lakes due to these changes further leads to floods, drought and water pollution.
The theme for WWD, 2020 is, “Water and Climate Change”.
The theme explores the inseparable link between water and climate change. To meet the increasing demand of water and to maintain natural resources, we need to protect carbon sinks such as oceans and wetlands, adopting climate-smart agricultural techniques and increased safe reuse of wastewater.
We cannot afford to wait. Everyone has a role to play.
- 2.1 billion people lack access to safely managed drinking water services worldwide.
- 1 in 4 primary schools have no drinking water which forces students to use unsafe water.
- More than 700 children under the age of 5 years die from diarrhea because of unsafe water and poor sanitation.
- In eight out of ten households with water off-premises, women and girls are responsible for water collection.
- Globally, over 80% of the wastewater generated by society flows back into the environment without being treated or reused
- Agriculture currently accounts for 70% of global water withdrawals mostly for irrigation, industry takes 20% of the total water, the remaining 10% goes to domestic use and the proportion used for drinking water is much less than 1%.
- Approximately,4 billion people experience severe water scarcity for at least a month every year.
- By 2030, 700 million people could be displaced by severe water scarcity.
- By 2050, the world’s population will have grown by an estimated 2 billion people and global water demand could be up to 30% higher than today.
Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)*: It is an initiative of Ministry of Housing and Urban affairs with the mission to focus on water supply, sewerage facilities, storm water drains to reduce flooding, creating and upgrading green spaces and other facilities in the urban areas.
Central Water Commission** acts to promote integrated and sustainable development and management of India's water resources by using state-of-art technology and competency with coordinating all stake holders.